What is diabetes? kaise hota hai What are the symptoms? How to avoid?

According to the data of the International Diabetes Federation, 42.2 crore people worldwide are victims of diabetes. At the same time, 3 crore people were suffering from Diabetes in the year 2010 if we talk about this only in India. In the year 2022, this figure had increased to 7 crores. According to an estimate, the number of people suffering from diabetes will double by the year 2025. These figures reveal the reality of a sick world.

Diabetes is an ailment that is common in the world, but what do you know? A person suffering from this disease can tell about it.

Diabetes patients can tell you how scary this disease is, just imagine what it would be like if your body gets hurt and the wounds don’t heal.

Mothers know about it in detail.

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the amount of sugar in the blood of your body increases. This is a group of metabolic diseases.

We eat food to give energy to the body which is later converted into starch and then starch becomes glucose. This glucose reaches the cells of our body and gives energy to the body.

Insulin is the hormone that transports glucose to the cells. This hormone does not work properly due to low production in the body. Due to which the level of glucose or sugar in the body increases. Diabetes hoti hai due to increase in sugar level.

Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems. It takes more time to heal wounds on the body, the problem tends to increase with time.

Although there is no cure for diabetes, there are steps you can take to manage diabetes and stay healthy.

What causes diabetes?

You can avoid diabetes if you know its causes. There are many reasons for diabetes. If you take care of your health and identify this disease in time and contact the doctor, then diabetes can be controlled.

We are not fully aware of the causes of diabetes. That’s why we accept many false things as truth. Let us know what causes diabetes?

Causes of Diabetes:

 1. Heredity

Genetics is one of the many causes of diabetes. Reports say that if one of the parents of a person has diabetes then he has a 30 to 40 percent risk of developing diabetes.

At the same time, if both parents of a person have diabetes, the risk increases to 80 percent. This means that those whose parents have diabetes problems are more likely to develop diabetes.

2. Poor lifestyle

Our lifestyle is greatly affected by the hectic life of today. In busy life, we can neither exercise nor eat healthy food.

Apart from this, many people are also victims of stress. All these have an effect on our health. If you are not adopting a healthy lifestyle then you are inviting diabetes.

 3. Obesity

Obesity is also responsible for diabetes. The problem of high BP due to weight gain and also cholesterol is not kept in balance. Due to which you can become a victim of diabetes.

If you have the problem of obesity then you can quickly remove it by reading our following post,

4. Eating too much sugar

Eating too much sugar can increase the level of sugar in the body, which is a major cause of diabetes. So don’t consume too much tea, coffee, cold drinks and sugar.

And if your parents had diabetes then you have to take care of this the most, Diabetes patients should eat very little sugar.

 5. Taking more medicines during pregnancy

Many women take many medicines during their pregnancy. But let us know that taking too many medicines during this time can also be dangerous for you and you can become a victim of diabetes.

In pregnancy, one should always pay attention to food and drink rather than taking medicines. Good food is also necessary for the health of the child, if you get a proper amount of nutritious food, then there will be no need for medication.

 6. Addiction to tobacco or smoking

Due to the addiction to smoking, many diseases occur in the body, one of which is diabetes. Glucose found in tobacco affects the digestive system of the body, which increases the risk of diabetes.

Apart from this, the smoke released during smoking contains arsenic, formaldehyde and ammonia which invite diabetes.

If you develop diabetes due to any of these reasons, it is important that you identify it at the right time and get your treatment.

According to research, only 52 percent of people are aware of their diabetes. Due to which they are not able to treat themselves. In this case, it is very important to know the symptoms of diabetes.

 Symptoms of Diabetes in Hindi

If you don’t know whether you have diabetes or not, then you can find out whether you have this problem or not with the following things, it will help you to avoid this disease in the first place.

 1. Frequent urination

The patient has frequent urination due to the problem of diabetes. In fact, this process removes excess sugar from the body. If you feel like this, consult your doctor.

 2. Feeling tired

Do you feel tired even after getting 8 hours of full sleep? If this is the case then do not consider it normal because the diabetic body cannot break down carbohydrates properly.

That is why the body does not get energy which causes fatigue. If you see any such symptoms, get checked. You may have diabetes.

 3. Repeated starvation

Check if you get frequent hunger pangs. Actually, due to diabetes, insulin cannot be made in the body and our cells cannot absorb the sugar present in the body. This is the reason why we feel hungry again and again.

 4. Weight loss

If you are losing weight for no reason, it could be a sign of diabetes. If this happens, see the doctor and find out the reason for the weight gain.

 5. Eyesight dimming

Diabetes affects our eyes too, so check your blood sugar if you see a haze.

6. Do not take too long to heal any wound

Generally, we see that the wound heals quickly on injury anywhere in the body, but the wound does not heal quickly in the diabetic body. Because the level of sugar in the body increases, it becomes a bacterial infection.

Apart from this, blood circulation in the body also slows down due to diabetes. It takes time to heal the wound. If you have such a condition, go to a doctor immediately.

How to prevent diabetes – Remedies to prevent diabetes

You know about diabetes and you know its causes and symptoms. Now the question is how to avoid this diabetes.

So let’s talk about the solution to you. You can take the following precautions to avoid diabetes.

 1. Sahi Khan-Pan

Diabetic patients should take special care of their diet. Therefore, the doctor makes a special diet chart for diabetes and advises you to eat according to that.

You can eat green leafy vegetables, tomatoes, carrots, oranges, bananas and grapes. Apart from this, consumption of fish, egg and curd is also advised.

 2. Do yoga or exercise

Change your lifestyle and start physical activity. If you don’t want to go to the gym, walk three to four kilometers a day, exercise or do yoga again.

3. Eat less salt

Always eat low calorie food. Eliminate sweets altogether or eat less sweets. Include vegetables, fresh fruits, whole grains etc. in your diet. Apart from this you should also consume fiber.

 4. Don’t overeat

Never eat too much food in one bar. Instead of eating 2-3 times a day in the morning, evening, and afternoon, eat as much as six times a day.

 5. Do not smoke and consume alcohol

Reduce smoking and alcohol consumption or quit this bad habit forever. Nasha kisi bhi tarah se apke shriman liye benegadis nahin hota hai it is better to stay away from it.

 6. Get enough sleep

Don’t get too stressed about your office work and get enough sleep at night. It is okay for sleep to be healthy. Meditate or listen to music to reduce stress.

 7. Get regular health checkups

Check your health regularly and monitor your sugar level daily if possible. So that the sugar level is never more than the normal level.


Diabetes is indeed a very dangerous problem, if only he can tell its course. Hum to fante hai ki ye ailama kisi ko na ho.

And even if it happens, you should get it under control in time. By doing this you can live a healthy life even if you are suffering from diabetes, and stay happy.

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